The Trail of Tears: Andrew Jackson vs the Natives

The Trail of Tears: 1830 nightmare

Hello everyoneTrails of tears

Some of you might have heard about an historic episode referred to as the Trail of Tears. It refers to a path that thousands of Indians were forced to travel, having been deported by then US president Andrew Jackson. Why were they deported you ask? Because Mr. Jackson could. But let me back up a bit.

Andrew Jackson and his Indian Removal Act

Imagine being a little Cherokee girl or boy and waking up to a gun to your face, your family

Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson

gone, being forced to leave the land you had known as home all of your life. Imagine as a mother or father being separated from your children, not knowing if you would see them again. That is what Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal Act did. The year was 1830. Andrew Jackson was then the president of the United States. In a bold and heartless move, Mr. Jackson negotiated and approved the Indian Removal Act, ordering native tribes living east of the Mississippi river to move to designated “indian grounds” on the other side of the river. Numerous tribes were affected, including the Chippewa (north) or the Seminole and the Cherokee (south). The reasoning behind the act? Because Jackson was bold, and made one of the most controversial decisions in history. The Act authorized the president to negotiate treaties to buy indian lands east of the Mississippi river in exchange for lands quite further west. 45 000 Natives were forced to move off their own lands.

The fight of the Cherokees

However, in an unprecedented move, the Cherokees (in Georgia), instead of fighting on the ground like their ancestors might have done, took Jackson to court. Yes, they actually went to the legal system for support and justice. And guess what? Judge John Marshall actually sided in their favor! They were deemed to be allowed to remain on their land as it was decided that Georgia could not impose its laws upon Cherokee tribal lands . Yay victory! Think again…

Cherokee chief Henry Wolf

Cherokee chief Henry Wolf, NC

How did Jackson respond? Well I believe his answer went something like this: “John Marshall made his decision, now let him enforce it”. 7000 troops were sent to remove the tribes. Thousand of Cherokees were forcibly removed from their land at gunpoint, in cattle stockades. Families were separated, never to be reunited again. Lands were lost, people died, or were abused and mistreated. Indeed, because the road to be traveled was strenuous, it is estimated that 1 out of 4 people did not make it (about 4000 people). They died of malnutrition, exhaustion, not enough rest, no medicine or simply being killed by soldiers. Just imagine for one second having to live through this. Losing family members, loved ones, friends. And not being able to give them a proper burial as you were forced to leave them behind and keep walking. Burial is such an important part of death within the native culture, respecting the dead, sending them into the spiritual world in the right way. I can only imagine what it was like for them not being able to do so. Hence the name the Trail of Tears. 

trail of tears

What happened next?

Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal Act marked the beginning of the Removal Era, thousands and thousands of Natives being removed from their lands. Followed by the Land Run era, during which land was disputed and no respect was given to its original inhabitants. The land was wanted for numerous reasons including farming or the belief that gold was present. For years and years, Native nations fought for their land. Oftentimes losing the battle. Can you imagine if one day the land you knew as home that had been yours for generations was suddenly taken from you? That it was suddenly deemed not to be yours anymore and there was nothing you could do about it? The Trails of Tears is a tragedy in US history, representing the largest percentage of deaths in one single native tribe due to the actions of the US government.

The Trails of Tears led to the subhuman treatment of native people. Treating them as though they were not welcomed anymore, they did not matter, they had no rights. When in reality, they were the indigenous people of the land, the ones who were there from the beginning. Through all this injustice and gross mistreatment, however, I see the resilience of the native people. They had to be resilient to go through all of this, never giving up. They fought for their freedom, their rights, keeping their head up. They showed pride and an inordinate amount of strength and resilience. They showed they were survivors. And they still are. Change cannot occur when minds are not open and respect is not given. And respect was certainly not given by Jackson.

The short video included in the link below summarizes the Trail of Tears. Please take 3 minutes to watch it.

Tell me what you think of this post, if you had ever heard of the Trail of Tears, how it affected you or your family, etc. Would love to hear from you!

http://www.history.com/topics/native-american-history/trail-of-tears

All my Relations

 

 

16 thoughts on “The Trail of Tears: Andrew Jackson vs the Natives

  1. Howie

    An incredibly sad and embarrassing time in American History. You do such an EXCELLENT job telling the story, painting a picture and educating your readers at the same time. Unfortunately, there are many Americans who are uneducated about many aspects of our history, both good and bad. Although, not a part of our history that anyone should be proud about, I believe it is incredibly important to learn, as there are many lessons, beyond the facts of this tragic time. I will definitely be sharing this with others. The more I search around on your site, the more fascinating I find it. I have you bookmarked and will definitely be back. Thank you for sharing and all the best!

    Reply
    1. Emily Post author

      thank you Howie for your kind words! It is a part of history that does not bring up pride that is for sure. But it needs to be known. Only by knowing the past, the history, can we change the situation. I hope others read it and feel the same way as you.

      Reply
  2. Kathy

    It’s one of the tragedies of so-called modern civilization, the removal of native people from their lands. Only now are wrongs trying to be put right but for many it’s come too late. I’ve seen this in Australia where many indigenous people are now deemed a problem due to the problems caused by their displacement.

    Interesting article, I enjoyed reading it. 🙂

    Reply
  3. Eoinmc

    Yes, this was indeed a tragic historical event and yet it is the sort of thing that has gone on throughout history. Man’s inhumanity to man continues to this day. If you look closely at the beneficiaries of land grabs and stealing of resources you will find that it almost always greedy powerful people with the help of Governments. It usually also means that the indigenous populations suffer badly. It has happened over and over – the Aborigines in Austrailia, most parts of Africa, Millions were wiped out in South America. I could go on.

    Reply
  4. Michelle

    The Indian Removal Act is a very sad part of history, no doubt about it. Our nation should not be proud of itself for such a horrible tragedy. The way you described it brought a tear to my eyes as it shames me to think we could be so cruel.

    If you think about it though, there are so many inhumane things that happen in our world today. Our government’s power is scary at best and I don’t see this changing in a positive light anytime soon.

    Excellent article!

    Reply
    1. Emily Post author

      It is scary indeed Michelle. I am hoping that by knowing our history better, it will lead to some change. But multiple genocides did happen.

      Reply
  5. Peter

    I’m ashamed to say I’m ignorant of way too much Native American history, and The Trail of Tears is yet another example. It would be nice to think that humanity has moved on over the last 200 or so years, and to a certain extent it has, but anyone looking at recent world news knows, there’s sadly a long, long way to go.
    Peter

    Reply
    1. Emily Post author

      Hi Peter
      well lots of people do not know this part of history unfortunately. There has been some improvement but yes some of the same issues are still present today…

      Reply
  6. Topgun

    Nothing has changed its just got more sophisicated in this present time and current laws that allow such behavior of these people i could see why the world trade centers were brought down in FIRE god be with America there going to need it

    Reply
    1. Emily Post author

      Hi there
      well I agree that discrimination is still going on today unfortunately. Many genocides took place over the years, oftentimes not mentioned in our history books. I am not sure I get your comment about the World Trade Center though. Which was also a very sad day in our history

      Reply

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